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Original Research

The impact of COVID-19 pandemic on urology residency in Turkey: a nationwide survey


1. Taksim Education and Research Hospital, Department of Urology, Istanbul, Turkey

2. Biruni University Hospital, Department of Urology, Istanbul, Turkey

3. Eskisehir City Hospital, Department of Urology, Eskisehir, Turkey

4. Istanbul University, School of Medicine, Section of Andrology, Department of Urology, Istanbul, Turkey

 

Cite;

Kalkanli A, Cilesiz NC, Gezmis CT, et al. The impact of COVID-19 pandemic on urology residency in Turkey: a nationwide survey. New J Urol. 2022;17(3):136-148. doi: 10.33719/yud.2022;17-3-1099157

ABSTRACT

Objective: The Covid-19 pandemic, which affects all areas of life, has also deeply affected academic and health services. There has previously been no assessment of the effects of the pandemic on academic and health services of urology residents in Turkey, for this purpose, a survey was conducted.
Material and Methods: The survey consisted of a total of 31 questions under four main topics (education and research activities, working conditions in health services, social-psychological effects, and personal health) and was carried out between July-August 2020. The survey was 89 urology training centers in Turkey, among them 76 (85.4%; 38 university and 38 state hospitals) completed and returned the questionnaire.
Results: The average weekly education hours decreased (2.43±2.46 hours to 1.3±1.8 hours; p=.00) and 67 centers (88.15%) used new technologies such as webinars and videoconferencing.
The time devoted to weekly research activities also decreased during the pandemic (2.15±2.54 hours to 1.8±1.93 hours; p<0.001). However, university hospitals increased their research activities (9.9%), while state hospitals decreased (44%). The average weekly outpatient clinic hours decreased from 86.23±86.54 to 37.22±19.88 (p<0.001) and the regression was higher in state hospitals (63.61%) compared to university hospitals (42.41%) (p <0.05). A significant decrease was observed in the number of operations per week compared to the pre-pandemic period (from 40.7±24.25 to 14.3±16.44; p<0.001). In addition, 74 centers (97.36%) reported that they continued to perform emergency urological cases and 41 centers (53.9%) reported that the total working hours decreased, but 72 centers (94.7%) reported that they were employed in non-urology areas such as Covid outpatient clinics or services.
For the residents, 10 centers (13.15%) provided childcare, 55 centers (72.36%) provided accommodation, and 18 centers (23.68%) provided transportation, but 33 centers (43.42%) lacked protective personal equipment and 26 centers (34.21%) gave leave to employees with comorbidity. Residents were concerned about not having enough surgical cases in 57 centers (75%), the transmission of Covid-19 to their family in 73 centers (96.05%), and in 34 centers (44.73%), they had moved away from their homes to protect their families. Furthermore, residents were isolated in 25 centers (32.89%) and swabs were taken in 54 centers (71.85%) due to the query (doubt, suspicion) of illness. Residents were diagnosed with Covid-19 in 14 centers (18.42%).
Conclusion: This survey has shown that as the Covid-19 pandemic affects all areas of life, it also causes serious negatives in the academic (educational and research), social, and psychological lives of urology residents.

Keywords: COVID-19, residency, pandemic, urology training, surgical training


ABSTRACT

Objective: The Covid-19 pandemic, which affects all areas of life, has also deeply affected academic and health services. There has previously been no assessment of the effects of the pandemic on academic and health services of urology residents in Turkey, for this purpose, a survey was conducted.
Material and Methods: The survey consisted of a total of 31 questions under four main topics (education and research activities, working conditions in health services, social-psychological effects, and personal health) and was carried out between July-August 2020. The survey was 89 urology training centers in Turkey, among them 76 (85.4%; 38 university and 38 state hospitals) completed and returned the questionnaire.
Results: The average weekly education hours decreased (2.43±2.46 hours to 1.3±1.8 hours; p=.00) and 67 centers (88.15%) used new technologies such as webinars and videoconferencing.
The time devoted to weekly research activities also decreased during the pandemic (2.15±2.54 hours to 1.8±1.93 hours; p<0.001). However, university hospitals increased their research activities (9.9%), while state hospitals decreased (44%). The average weekly outpatient clinic hours decreased from 86.23±86.54 to 37.22±19.88 (p<0.001) and the regression was higher in state hospitals (63.61%) compared to university hospitals (42.41%) (p <0.05). A significant decrease was observed in the number of operations per week compared to the pre-pandemic period (from 40.7±24.25 to 14.3±16.44; p<0.001). In addition, 74 centers (97.36%) reported that they continued to perform emergency urological cases and 41 centers (53.9%) reported that the total working hours decreased, but 72 centers (94.7%) reported that they were employed in non-urology areas such as Covid outpatient clinics or services.
For the residents, 10 centers (13.15%) provided childcare, 55 centers (72.36%) provided accommodation, and 18 centers (23.68%) provided transportation, but 33 centers (43.42%) lacked protective personal equipment and 26 centers (34.21%) gave leave to employees with comorbidity. Residents were concerned about not having enough surgical cases in 57 centers (75%), the transmission of Covid-19 to their family in 73 centers (96.05%), and in 34 centers (44.73%), they had moved away from their homes to protect their families. Furthermore, residents were isolated in 25 centers (32.89%) and swabs were taken in 54 centers (71.85%) due to the query (doubt, suspicion) of illness. Residents were diagnosed with Covid-19 in 14 centers (18.42%).
Conclusion: This survey has shown that as the Covid-19 pandemic affects all areas of life, it also causes serious negatives in the academic (educational and research), social, and psychological lives of urology residents.

Keywords: COVID-19, residency, pandemic, urology training, surgical training

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